On November 27-29, 2019 in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, was held a workshop for the CITES Convention members of Central Asian countries on the subject of "Implementation of the CITES Convention in Central Asia." The workshop was dedicated to the implementation of the provisions of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. The workshop was attended by representatives of Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, representing specialized and departmental institutions, academies of science and UNDP offices in these countries. The delegation of Tajikistan consisted of employees of the Center for Biological Diversity and Biosafety and the National Center for Action in the Field of Environmental Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, the Environmental Protection Administration in Sughd Region and the Institute of Zoology and Parasitology of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan. Representatives of Tajikistan presented a presentation and report on the provisions of the CITES Convention in Tajikistan, which included the activities of the CITES Convention in the Republic of Tajikistan, the species of wild fauna and flora of CITES conventions, the identification of offenses in the trade of wild fauna and flora, the state of the number of animals and plants, the resolution process and issuing quotas for hunting.
The workshop addressed issues related to trade items (animals and plants) in Central Asia and beyond, CITES position and its role, trade prohibition and violation of the convention, trade regulation, determination of offenses, level of fines, issuing quotas and annual reports, the role of various national agencies in combating illegal wildlife trade, definition and managing national hunting quotas, reviewing approaches in the region to combat the illegal trade in fauna and flora, the role of the Global Program for the Conservation of Snow Leopard and its Ecosystems, and discussing ways to overcome challenges to comply with the CITES International Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora endangered.
During the discussions, the most relevant issues were discussed on combating the illegal trade in fauna and flora, trade regulation, determination and issuance of hunting quotas, endangered species of fauna and flora in Central Asia. It was noted that one of the ways to reduce risks and provision of sustainability is to establish national export quotas.
According to the CITES secretariat data, the global illegal trade in endangered species of rare animals exceeds several billion dollars a year. Are being traded both animals and their derivatives (skins, horns, meat, bile, etc.). To counteraction this, this convention has been developed. Currently, over 180 countries are CITES members. Tajikistan ratified the CITES Convention in 2016.
CITES is a scientific convention. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an agreement concluded between 183 countries and establishes international rules for the sale of wildlife objects. The CITES Convention was signed on March 3, 1973, and in 2013 the UN General Assembly declared March 3 as International Wildlife Day. It entered into force in 1975 and now, after more than 40 years, it remains one of the tools to protect biological diversity. Today, CITES regulates the international trade of more than 37,000 species of plants and animals, as well as their products, ensuring species survival, local communities’ welfare and environmental protection.